You are here:--Vector vs Raster Graphics: What are The Differences?

Vector vs Raster Graphics: What are The Differences?

Vector graphics are graphics in which the image is represented in a mathematical fashion. What this allows one to do is to zoom in an image to infinite precision. They are ideal for situations in which an image might be used at various resolutions and dimensions.

difference between raster and vector graphics

Finally, it may help with what you’re creating and its intended use. In printed mediums — such as books, magazines and newspapers — raster images are often used to reproduce photographs. Images are saved at a high DPI so that quality will not suffer during the printing process. You can find out more about DPI and PPI in this previous Design Shack article. With all of the image options and file formats out there, it can be a little overwhelming when you are choosing what file type to use (and send to clients).

File Formats for Vector Images

The principal advantage of vector graphics is that they produce the most precise, clearest designs at any scale. The main disadvantages are that vector graphics demand professional design software and the ability to use it. They’re made of paths and curves dictated by mathematical formulas. These paths and curves are produced exclusively through design softwares designed for vectors, like Adobe Illustrator or Sketch.

difference between raster and vector graphics

The vector-based or SVG files allow images like illustrations, logos, and icons to be used in web development or other apps. Adobe Portable Document Format (.pdf) files use a combination of vector and raster images. In this compact and universal format, files render as they were created. Vector images are rendered as such as and be scaled and extracted.

Vector vs raster: Which is right for you?

These graphics are the default for things from the real world (IE, scanned images, photographs, etc). They are ideal for use when an image will only be used once, and will never need to be enlarged, or if portions are coming from a photograph or other real-world image. Knowing how to best optimize the quality of your graphic, while keeping raster and vector graphics difference its file size low, is a crucial skill for every creative. Due to their algorithmic makeup, vectors are infinitely scalable, and remain smooth and crisp even when sized up to massive dimensions. It’s the type of verbiage that most people aren’t too familiar with unless you’re in the industry or work with digital design daily.

difference between raster and vector graphics

While you will need a raster version of a logo for digital spaces, logos must be infinitely scalable and editable for the many other spaces they will inhabit. This necessitates a vector source file since pixels cannot be scaled or altered as easily. When a logo is designed with any raster data, converting it to vector can be difficult and often impossible (see next section).

ע"י |2023-11-10T14:02:33+02:00דצמבר 14th, 2021|IT Education|

אודות המחבר: